At any given time, NAMSDL is working with up to 30 states on specific issues related to the implementation of the model laws, their policy elements, supporting programs, and summit recommendations. Additionally, related information is regularly distributed to our network of state contacts in all 50 states. Here are examples of the NAMSDL’s work with states and the outcomes:
Iowa passed an economic crimes package containing the model forfeiture and money laundering legislation. The Iowa Attorney General used the model wiretap act to effect amendments to the state wiretap law. NAMSDL staff/experts, as requested, are providing ongoing assistance to the Office of Drug Control Policy regarding enhanced implementation of state drug-free workplace programs.
Kansas passed significant portions of the model forfeiture act. A state senator introduced an expedited eviction bill based on the NAMSDL’s model and consulted with NAMSDL resource people throughout legislative discussion of the bill. The state also passed stronger methamphetamine penalties and a basic framework to begin monitoring chemicals distributed in the state. This effort resulted from NAMSDL’s assistance to the Kansas Attorney General on chemical control legislation. The Attorney General’s office and NAMSDL are collaborating to create a training which builds teams of enforcement, child protection and environmental officials to coordinate the application of state laws regarding precursor chemicals and meth labs.
Georgia adopted legislation to improve the state’s workers’ compensation premium reduction law and mandatory assessment and treatment for multiple DUI offenders. Georgia organizations and agencies involved in drug and alcohol issues created a Substance Abuse Policy Network The network facilitates information sharing and helps identify how the organizations/agencies can work together to improve the state’s drug and alcohol strategy.
Mississippi passed worker’s compensation premium reduction, youth access and money laundering laws. Additionally, then-Attorney General Moore held follow-up law enforcement meetings resulting in concrete suggestions to improve coordination of law enforcement resources as well as solidify communication among agencies. NAMSDL also assisted Judge Starrett of Southern Mississippi in starting the state’s first felony drug court. Also, NAMSDL coordinated and held a Day of Dialogue at Brinkley Middle School, located in Jackson, in a lower economic area with an all African American student body. The day event brought together community service providers with faculty and students to outline ideas for improving needed drug, alcohol and related services to students and their parents. The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence of Central Mississippi (NCADD) is now providing classes on anger management and conflict resolution to the student body. NCADD and Brinkley are planning to include parental education and drug education, prevention and intervention services.
Hawaii passed money laundering amendments, a prescription accountability act, and a modified version of the model nuisance abatement act. The Honolulu Prosecuting Attorney introduced a total of 18 bills patterned after the model laws.
Utah has passed several bills regarding gang and drug dealing penalty enhancements, methamphetamine lab cleanup and precursor law enforcement, compulsory education and truancy. Resolutions require more coordination of methamphetamine lab cleanup and public safety standards and programs. Study resolutions require a look at incentives for drug-free workplace programs, cleanup of toxic contamination from illegal drug laboratories, asset forfeiture laws, and drug rehabilitation tax credits. Also, the states Crime Prevention Council, in partnership with the Utah Labor Commission and NAMSDL, held a statewide drug-free workplace conference in November 2001. This event led to the drafting of a bill which would allow Utah employers a rebate or similar incentive for establishing and maintaining drug-free workplace programs. Conference materials were largely NAMSDL publications and members of the NAMSDL’s Drug-Free Workplace Task Force also presented at the event.
North Carolina passed portions of the model expedited eviction act. NAMSDL treatment experts consulted on bills introduced regarding insurance coverage and use of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) criteria. NAMSDL also continues to work with the state in its efforts to establish a prescription monitoring program.
New Jersey passed a version of the “Stay Out of Drug Area” provisions in the Model Crimes Code Provisions to Protect Tenants, and a criminal justice treatment law which embraces many of the principles in the Model Criminal Justice Treatment Act. The Governor and the Attorney General introduced nuisance abatement and expedited eviction bills based on the NAMSDL’s model laws. The state passed a law designating housing projects, public parks and public buildings as drug-free school zones. The Attorney General’s office funded and oversees a drug court involving residential treatment for offenders. NAMSDL is assisting the Attorney General’s office in its evaluation of the drug court by helping to identify the information and questions which will measure the quality of the treatment provided.
Louisiana passed bills on underage drinking, safe schools, drug education, preventive counseling, a tax credit for businesses which offer treatment programs, and designer drug regulation. Four main areas have been or are currently under study: employee assistance licensure, prescription drug monitoring, treatment in the criminal justice system, and Medicaid coverage for treatment.
In Texas, the Greater Dallas Crime Commission introduced a legislative package with ideas or suggestions from the states model drug law summit. Also, Texas high school students, Eastfield Community College, the Alliance and state legislators created a student video from the summit. Drug and alcohol courses include the video as part of their counselor training. NAMSDL treatment experts are advising the Texas treatment and education providers on recommendations for increased coordination of state drug and alcohol funding and services. Also, the Texas Workers Compensation Commission formally requested the NAMSDL’s assistance in performing a feasibility study on developing legislation to allow workers compensation premium credits for employers who maintain drug-free workplace programs. NAMSDL’s source materials, including model statutes and materials from states with existing premium reduction programs, serve as the foundation for the Commissions work on this issue. Two members of the NAMSDL’s National Drug-Free Workplace Task Force also participated in the Commissions study group meetings.
The Arizona Attorney General’s Office proposed chemical control/methamphetamine legislation using model legislation and resources of the NAMSDL to help shape the bill. The state passed a version of the bill. NAMSDL treatment experts are helping the state’s treatment providers determine the appropriate consumer protections for the state. Additionally, the Arizona Attorney General’s Office used the NAMSDL’s Forfeiture Reform Act and statutory research on state in personam forfeiture laws in an amicus brief submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court for consideration in a key state forfeiture case.
Colorado’s summit resulted in three task forces working to draft and propose legislation or make policy and programmatic changes on prescription monitoring, drug and alcohol treatment and related issues and drug-free workplaces. NAMSDL sponsored two members of the state
s workplace task force to attend the NAMSDL's national drug-free workplace training. NAMSDL also provided copies of the CO Summits treatment recommendations to each member attending the Criminal Justice Treatment Assembly in December 2000. The treatment work group is now a permanent substance abuse study group which is promoting bills on parity, criminal justice treatment, Medicaid, and formalizing the treatment system in statute.
Alabama has ten groups refining and implementing the Summit`s recommendations. Results to date are as follows: NAMSDL is partnering with several of the groups to hold a one-day educational session for business leaders on the benefits of drug-free workplace programs, including savings for the employers; the Alabama law enforcement, medical and faith communities combined their annual conferences in order to better coordinate their efforts on addiction treatment; the treatment community and the Council on Substance Abuse are creating a data-gathering project, based on the NAMSDL’s Pennsylvania model, to document problems accessing treatment; Alabama youth developed their own drug prevention curriculum and now hold annual youth summits; a statewide Recovery Network is being established to provide support and advocacy for people in recovery, their families, and other supportive individuals; in 2004, legislation was passed to establish a statewide prescription monitoring program (PMP).
In Missouri, several bills were introduced in the 2003 legislative session that reflected summit recommendations, including keg registration (passed), increase in fees for selling alcohol, changing the Controlled Substances Act to [create] the crime of being under the influence of a controlled substance (a class A misdemeanor), proposed law that makes any person under 21 years of age who is under the influence of alcohol guilty of a misdemeanor.
Maine passed legislation to create a statewide prescription monitoring program (PMP) as a tool to assist in addressing the diversion of, misuse of, abuse of, and addiction to prescription drugs. Establishing this system was among the recommendations emerging from the states summit in December 2002. NAMSDL also assisted the Maine Association of Substance Abuse Programs in drafting a recommendation to Governor Baldacci re: the single state authority for substance abuse becoming a Cabinet-level office.
Pennsylvania passed the model expedited eviction bill and the Philadelphia Housing Authority is extensively using the state statute. The state also modified its wiretap law. State officials are working on a nuisance abatement bill and managed care consumer protections. Additionally, NAMSDL is helping the state develop a data gathering mechanism to ascertain the extent and nature of problems regarding access to drug and alcohol treatment services delivered through managed care entities. Officials will use the system information to identify where to concentrate corrective actions and remedies. After the system is tested and necessary modifications are made, NAMSDL will use the system as a model to assist other states who have expressed a desire to implement consumer protections for accessing appropriate treatment.
Arkansas’ Chairman of the state Workers’ Compensation Commission used drug-free workplace information and guidance from the NAMSDL to draft and encourage adoption of the Arkansas drug-free workplace act. NAMSDL provided to the Chairman the model workers’ compensation premium reduction law, other states’ similar laws and a list of contact people who oversee other state programs.
In Ohio, Governor Taft issued an Executive Order in September 2002 implementing a stronger drug-free workplace policy for state construction projects. Contractors and subcontractors are now required to enroll in the Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation’s Drug-Free Workplace Program and to remain a member in good standing in order to be eligible for construction projects administered by the state. This requirement reflects the implementation of a recommendation from the Ohio Summit in April 2001.
In Idaho, the Association of Idaho Cities (AIC) passed five resolutions related to the recommended actions generated by participants in the state summit in May 2004. The resolutions included encouraging drug-free workplaces in both the governmental and private sectors, requiring coverage of substance abuse treatment by insurers, statewide coordination of efforts to address substance abuse via a Governors Cabinet-level position, implementing a drug endangered children protocol for the state, and statewide uniform standards for clean-up protocols for illicit clandestine laboratories. AIC members hope that these resolutions will lead to the introduction of legislation in January 2005.
Maryland and Virginia used NAMSDL’s draft model law for establishing prescription monitoring programs (PMP) in drafting legislation in efforts to create their own state systems. Officials in North Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana, Colorado, Maine, Connecticut, Mississippi, Oregon, Montana, South Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Florida, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Missouri, Vermont, Wyoming, New Hampshire, have also utilized the NAMSDL’s work and knowledge on this issue as they designed their states proposals for to plan and/or implement state PMPs. Additionally, California, Hawaii, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Kentucky, New Mexico, and Nevada officials have sought NAMSDL’s assistance as they explored possible enhancements to their existing PMPs, including opportunities for funding through the BJA-administered Harold Rogers Prescription Drug Monitoring Program.